quinta-feira, 9 de julho de 2009

Cape Verde-type hurricane...cá está a prova!

O texto em baixo, escrito em inglês (desculpem lá qualquer coisinha), vem comprovar que aquilo que disse no post sobre Cabo Verde "A Terra Onde o Vento Dá a Curva" NÃO É MENTIRA NÃO!!!

A Cape Verde-type hurricane is an Atlantic hurricane that develops near the Cape Verde islands, off the west coast of Africa. The average hurricane season has about two Cape Verde-type hurricanes, which are usually the most intense storms of the season because they often have plenty of warm open ocean over which to develop before encountering land.
Cape Verde-type hurricanes typically develop from tropical waves which form in the African savanna during the wet season, then move into the African steppes. The disturbances move off the western coast of Africa and become tropical storms or tropical cyclones near the Cape Verde Islands, usually in August or September.
A typical Cape Verde hurricane will form as a tropical depression just south of the Cape Verde islands. They normally reach hurricane strength in the mid-Atlantic, but sometimes will strengthen closer to Cape Verde or the Caribbean.

Once it begins approaching North America, a Cape Verde hurricane has several basic tracks.

  • It can continue to the west, and if it is far enough south, it will cross the Windward Islands into theCaribbean Sea. From there it will often continue westward into Nicaragua, Honduras, or Belize.
  • If the storm is further north, it can travel up the Leeward Islands and into the Greater Antilles. In 1998,Hurricane Georges took a track of this nature. Slightly further north, and the storm will track through theBahamas and into Florida in the manner of 1992's Hurricane Andrew.
  • A more northerly storm will begin to have its track affected by the high pressure that generally occurs over the eastern Atlantic in late summer. As these storms pass north of the Antilles, their tracks begin to curve to the north. Often this results in the storms making landfall in North or South Carolina. Hurricane Hugowas a typical example. If the storm's track is affected significantly, it will often curve back out to sea, where it becomes extratropical over cooler water. An example of such was Hurricane Edouard in 1996. Occasionally storms following this track can accelerate to the north and strike New England. The New England Hurricane of 1938 and Hurricane Gloria in 1985 were two such cases.
  • Sometimes, the subtropical ridge is farther west than usual such that the storm recurves quickly and is driven around the east side of the ridge in the central Atlantic, generally missing land completely. An example of such was Hurricane Philippe in 2005.

Note that while these tracks are typical, Cape Verde hurricanes are not bound to follow them and often do not.

Because this type of hurricane takes a near-westward path that starts in the eastern Atlantic, they can avoid the two situations that typically end the life of a tropical cyclone: interaction with land, and movement over cool water. Since they can go for several weeks without having either affect them, Cape Verde-type hurricanes are some of the longest-lived storms. Hurricane Faith, the third longest lasting Atlantic hurricane on record, was a Cape Verde hurricane. It lasted 16 days total and was a hurricane for 13.

Major Cape Verde-type hurricanes

The category is the peak intensity of the hurricane, measured on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale

18991899 Hurricane San Ciriaco4
1900Galveston Hurricane of 19004
19261926 Miami Hurricane4
19281928 Okeechobee Hurricane5
1938New England Hurricane of 1938,
or the Long Island Express
19471947 Fort Lauderdale Hurricane5
1957Hurricane Carrie4
1958Hurricane Cleo5
1960Hurricane Donna5
1966Hurricane Faith3
1966Hurricane Inez4
1979Hurricane David5
1980Hurricane Allen5
1985Hurricane Gloria4
1988Hurricane Gilbert5
1989Hurricane Hugo5
1992Hurricane Andrew5
1995Hurricane Luis4
1996Hurricane Bertha3
1996Hurricane Edouard4
1996Hurricane Fran3
1998Hurricane Bonnie3
1998Hurricane Georges4
1999Hurricane Floyd4
1999Hurricane Gert4
2000Hurricane Alberto3
2000Hurricane Isaac4
2001Hurricane Felix3
2001Hurricane Erin3
2002Hurricane Lili4
2003Hurricane Fabian4
2003Hurricane Isabel5
2004Hurricane Frances4
2004Hurricane Ivan5
2004Hurricane Karl4
2005Hurricane Emily5
2006Hurricane Gordon3
2006Hurricane Helene3
2007Hurricane Dean5
2008Hurricane Bertha3
2008Hurricane Ike4

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